Skip to main content

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

See other formats


196*                                       FLORA INJHCA.                 [Menispermacea.
Frutex scandens, caule gracili angulato striato glabrp. Folia interdum apice ob-
tnsa, subtus pallida, 2fc-4 poll, longa, l-2£ lata, petiolo gracili dimidio breviore.
Pedunculi graci'limi, plerumcnie petiolis longiores, fruetiferi srope folia superantes.
Umbel-la mulfhadiotre, iuterdum bis divisas. J?lores purpurei vel virides, graveo-
lentes. Sepal a lute ovate* acuminata. Petala obovata, interdum emarginata. Dntpa
translucentes, subglobosa?, rubric.
This pretty little species, which is very common in the Eastern .Himalaya among
the lower hills, appears undescribed, unless it be the tf. longa, of Loureiro, with
which, however, we cannot venture to unite it, as the description does not satis-
factorily accord. No specimen of that plaut exists in the British Museum. It may
readily be known from the next by the flowers being supported on pedicels, and not
collected into heads.
8. S. hernandifolla (Wulpers, Kep. i. 96); foliis ovatis vel, sub-
deitoitleis acutia vel obtusis interdum acuminatis, umbellulis capitatis.
a; foliis subtus glabris vel secus nervos tenuiter puberulis, pedun-
culis giabris.—Cissampelos hernaudifolia, Willd.; 2)0. fyst. i. 533,
Prod. i. 100; Wall. Cut. 4977 D! Clypea hernandifolia, W. et J.
Prod. i. 14 • WigU> Ic. L 939, Sjric. Neilg. t. 7.
/3; foliorum pagina inforiore peduuculisque pubesccntibus.—Cis-
sampelos discolor, DC. fyst. i. 534, Prod. i. 101; Blume, Bijdr. 26. 0.
bexaudnij Roxb. M* Ind. iii. 842. C. hernandifolia, Roxb. J?L Ind. iii.
843; Wall. Oat. 4977 S/ J! 01 If! tl (eml. cat. lit.). Stephania
discolor, IfassL PL Jav, Ear. p. 168.
HAB. Var. a. In duraetis humidis prsesertim montanis Zeylanise!
Carnaticse australls! Mtilabar! Concan! a planitie ad alt. 7000 ped.
Var. $. In Malaya! Ava! Chittagong 1 Khasia! Bengalia ! et iu Hima-
laya subtropica orientali et media ab Assam! ad Nipaliam!—(Fl. per
totiun annum,) (v, v.)
DISTEIB. Abyssinia, Java, ins. Philipp., Timor, Australia tropica,
JPrutcx scandons, raomlis striatis glabris. folia basi troncata vel leviter cordata,
tenuiter coriaoea, subtus pallida vel glancescentia, glabra vel tenuiter pUbescentia,
3-6 poll, longa et tcquilata vel & angustiora, petiolo li-4-potiicari. Pedunculi
aiillares, abbreviati vel petiolos superantes, apice utnbelkti; nmbellte radii longitu-
dine varii, bractcis subulatis stipati, capitula, 8-12* vel pluriilora gerentes> interdum
proliferi. Sepala obovata, obtusa. Petals, dimidio minora, 3-4.
The amount of variation to which this species is subject is so great, that we have
little doubt that all the synonyms quoted above are correctly referred to it. Indeed,
we can assign no characters for the separation of Cissampclos Forsteri, DC. (Step/ia-
maForsteri,A&& Gray, Plants Wilkes* Bxp,), to which Clypw venosat BL Bydr., and
&glaucewens, l)cne. PL Tim., ought, in all probability, to be reduced. The Malabar
and Nilghiri plant is usually niore glabrous than the eastern and Himalayan form, but
the latter occasionally occurs with the leaves quite glabrous below. So far as we have
observed, however, the peduncles of the eastern plant are always pubescent, and those
of tne wester^ plant always glabrous; but more" extended observation will perhaps
breajt down even that difference. Stepkania Alystinica of Richard, H. Abyss, t. 4
(which i« Ileoharpus Schimperi, Miers, or Mtnispermum Schimperi> Hochstetter), is
evidently the same as the glabrous Nilghiri form. Both varieties occur iu Java, and
the glabrous form extends to Timor and the Philippines, while tbc pubescent state
occurs in tropical Australia, Wight and Arnott quote tinder this species Qoeeuluf
Koxbwghianvs, Wall. Cat. 4972 A; but in the Linncan Society's colleetiou that and
all iy other letters belong to Stepfawa rotunda, lour., except a specimen from the
Ofcta&a garden, distributed at a later period than the rest, and included in one of